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Interior designing is all about achieving the right balance among all the elements in the given space. Lighting is one of the most important aspects of interior design mainly because it can impact all the other elements. Put simply, lighting can make or break the overall aesthetic of the space. Good thing, lighting can be altered so it complements the objects and other accents in the room.

Lighting design needs not be difficult. With these tips, each room in your home will be able to create the intended moods and effects.

Start with the basics

Initially, you need to draw a basic layout of the room to determine where certain objects must be positioned such as window, furniture, draperies, artworks, and wall features. These objects can be either the light source or the focus of the light. This is easier if the planning will start from scratch. However, if your goal is to enhance the room through lighting, then you have to consider a flexible lighting system.

Consider the permanents

While you can always alter the positions of the furniture pieces, the fabrics on your drapery, and the framed pictures on the walls, that cannot be said for the window, wall, and floor treatments. Your choices of lighting should depend on these. Dark floors soak up light while light-colored floors reflect it. The same goes with light-colored walls. On the other hand, a polished surface creates glare.

Decide based on purpose

Lighting needs vary from one room to another. To ensure that you are putting the right lighting system for the intended purpose, it must be clear to you what the uses of the room are. Once you are decided on this, you can now determine whether it needs a fixed or flexible lighting or a direct, indirect or background lighting. Likewise, you have to consider the amount of natural light the room receives throughout the day. This will affect the need for the lighting system as well.

Some lighting rules and suggestions

Now that you’ve covered the basics, the rule of thumb is to combine the light sources in a room. For instance, make sure that the task lighting is appropriate for the task otherwise it’ll only become useless.

In the living room, you may light the three corners and put their focus on a specific object. Combine table and floor lamps with a combination of both downward and upward glows. Put the overhead light in dim.

In the dining room, the table should be the main focus. The chandelier is the best source of lighting although a pendant light is also fine. The lighting should be between 36 and 48 inches above the dining table. Install indirect lighting elsewhere especially those that produce a subtle glow. Sconces and votives are also ideal. If possible, install lights with dimmers so you can adjust the lighting depending on the mood and occasion.

In the kitchen, an overhead lighting might be all you need, depending on the size of the kitchen. Add lower light sources such as pendant and under-cabinet lights. Remember, the kitchen is one of the most important areas to light properly. Ambient lights are not enough while task lights add more functionality to the area.

In the bedroom, flank the bed with task lights particularly those with controls. This is important especially if you are sharing the room with someone else. Avoid using ambient lighting. Accent lights are a much better choice more so if you have artworks on the wall.

In the bathroom, it would be okay to install an overhead lighting. However, it may not be enough if you are doing makeup, tweezing, and shaving. Task lighting would be more appropriate. Avoid installing lights on the sides of the mirror because these create shadows that impact the results. Consider using a table lamp as an accessory.

Create a flattering glow in any of the rooms in your home with these tips. Just remember that each lighting fixture in a room must do the job it was designed for and plan the lighting system from there. If you think it is inappropriate to use a particular lighting system in one area, chances are, it is. So, trust your guts when installing the proper lighting.

AUTHOR BIO
Raphael Zamora is a Filipino Blogger and Freelance Writer that blogs for Arca South. The newest central business and lifestyle district south of the metro, Taguig City.

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